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Piazza Venezia

Rome - Piazza Venezia  - Vittoriano view
Rome - Piazza Venezia - Monumento ai cadutiRome - Piazza Venezia - DetailRome - Piazza Venezia - Vittoriano

Located at the foot of Capitoline Hill, Piazza Venezia is one of the main squares of Rome, its traffic flowing from five different main streets. Of these big avenues that arrive in Piazza Venezia are Via dei Fori imperiali, Via del Corso and Via del Teatro di Marcello. Directly in front of the piazza is the Altar della Patria, also known as the “Vittoriano”, a huge monument dedicated to the Italian Unification. There is also the National Monument dedicated to Victor Emmanuel II in honor of his crowning as the first king of a unified Italy. This huge monument, built between 1885 and 1911, is 135 meters wide and 75 meters high and is made of white marble from Botticino in Brescia. On the facade we can see many Corinthian columns which represent each Italian region while on each side of the monument can be found a fountain representing the seas bordering Italy: the Tyrrhenian Sea and the Adriatic Sea.

Things to see

In terms of aesthetic, the piazza blends several types of Italian architecture from the 19th century and Mussolini’s time. In fact, Mussolini held many of his speeches in this square. The construction of the whole Piazza Venezia required the demolition of ancient Roman ruins as well as several Medieval buildings, causing great controversy from start to finish. Many Roman citizens nowadays have given the piazza and monument amusing but rather unflattering nicknames.