Mausoleum of Lucius Munatius Plancus

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Gaeta - Monte Orlando View
Gaeta - Sea ViewGaeta - Santuario Santissima AnnunziataGaeta - Church of Ss Erasmo and Marciano

Gaeta is a stunning city located between Rome and Naples on the hills of Monte Orlando. Thanks to its location the town has played an important role in the history of central Italy.

The first settlement was an Ionian colony; later the city was controlled by the roman. Many nobles had here their summer villas. During this period the city was fortified for the first time.

After the Rome’s decline the city passed under the control of the Byzantine Empire. Its port grew in importance and Gaeta started an advantageous trade business.

In 1140 the city became part of the Kingdom of the two Sicily. Due to its strategic position the city was theatre of many battles. During the 13th century it passed under Frederick II command for few years. The Emperor strengthened Gaeta’s fortifications. The town eventually went back under the control of the Sicilian kingdom.

During the 15th century the city was transformed into a battle field, the war between the French and the Naples Kings was fought here. At the beginning of the 16th century the French retired their troops and left the city for good.

After two centuries of relative peace during the 19th century the city was involved in many battles again, the peace was restored only in 1861 when Gaeta was finally annexed to the Kingdom of Italy.

Things to see

Gaeta is now a popular touristic destination. Its beautiful beaches and unique history attract every years many visitors.

The city can count on many attractions. One of the most important is the Aragonese-Angevine Castle. Built to protect the city during the barbarian invasions this massive fortress was strengthened many times.

The Mausoleum of Lucius Munatius Plancus is a very well preserved roman mausoleum located right at the top of Monte Orlando.

Very interesting is also the SS. Trinita’s Sanctuary, its Crucifix Chapel was built on a rock that felt from a cliff.

The Cathedral of Assunta e Sant’Erasmo was built during the 12th century. It was restyled many times; its bell tower built with roman elements is a unique piece of art.

Gaeta offers also a delicious cuisine. The traditional Tiella is its most famous dish; it is very similar to a calzone but can be stuffed with many mouth-watering ingredients. Its olives are famous all around the world.