Mausoleum of Caecilia Metella

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Appian Way

Rome - Appian Way
Rome - Appian Way - Ruins

The Appian Way offers visitors a glimpse into the past of the ancient republic of Rome. Also known as the “Regina Viarum” (“Queen of the Roads”), its construction began in 312 B.C. The Appian Way was initially built with a military purpose but later became a great road in order to expand trade between Rome and the other provinces. Only two years after the start of its construction, road connected Rome to Capua in the province of Caserta in Campania.  When the Appian Way connected Rome to Brindisi in Apulia, it had reached about 600 kilometers in length and 4.15 meters in width. The post office noted an improvement to its services; it took only around 14 days to deliver mail from Rome to Brindisi. Thanks to the Appian Way, administration and tax collection also improved.

Things to see

The road is located in the south-eastern part of Rome and is lined with Roman monuments as well as Jewish and Christian graves that were built along the way. These funeral monuments were erected by important Roman families in order to grant them an eternal position in history. The Mausoleum of Caecilia Metella is one of the most famous monuments along this road. Caecilia Mettela belonged to a prominent Roman family, the daughter of the consul Quintus Metilus Creticus. She married Publius Licinius Crassus whose father was part of the First Triumvirate with Julius Caesar and Pompey the Great.

While walking along the ancient road, you can also discover the ruins of the Villa of Quintili. In 151 A.D. the Quintili brothers chose to build their villa on this great location because it offers a wonderful view of the Roman countryside. This villa served as a model for several painters across different time periods. The Appian Way is now a protected regional park spreading over 3500 hectares.