Forno delle Azzime

Showing the single result


Pitigliano - night view
Pitigliano - Jewish CemeteryPitigliano - Day ViewPitigliano - Palazzo Orsini

Pitigliano is located on a tuff’s cliff in southern Tuscany.

This was the center of the Etruscans civilization. Around the village it is possible to admire the cave-tombs built during their domination. Most of the caves are still in use as cellars and lockers.

The subsequent Roman domination on the other hand didn’t leave many signs; hidden in the cellars under some old houses there are niches that were used to keep the urns of the dead.

During the medieval period the city was ruled by three major aristocratic families: the Aldobrandeschi, the Orsini and the Medici.

For many centuries the city housed a very well integrated Jewish community.

Pitigliano’s location, at the border between the Papal State and the Gran Duchy of Tuscany caused many Jews here to find the peace that they couldn’t have under the Pope’s jurisdiction.  When the Reign of Italy was founded the Jews became citizens and many families started to leave the small village for bigger cities. When the Mussolini’s government passed the Racial Laws there were only a small Jewish community left in Pitigliano; all the Jews fled to avoid capture thanks to the help of their Christian fellow citizens.

Things to see

After the Second World War almost no Jews went back in Pitigliano; however the cultural heritage is very well preserved.  Entering the ancient Ghetto is possible to visit the 16th century synagogue, restored and reopened in 1995. Beneath the temple are located the areas used for the ritual bath, the kosher butcher and winery and the outstanding Forno delle Azzime (the old kosher bakery).

Also the Jewish cemetery survived the many changes that involved the community.

Walking through Via Zuccarelli and the alley Goito it is possible to reach the Old Mill Pelliccetti used by the Jewish community for many years.

Pitigliano is very famous for its wine; the Bianco di Pitigliano (White of Pitigliano) has won many awards. Lately also its kosher version is becoming very celebrated.