Alba

Alba - Scuola Enologica
Alba - VineyardsAlba - Palazzo MarroAlba - DuomoAlba - CountrysideAlba - Church of San Giovanni BattistaAlba - Chiesa di San Domenico

The gorgeous city of Alba is well known around the world as the centre of the UNESCO Human Heritage area of Langhe; however its wines and white truffles are probably even more famous!

The first settlements in the area were founded by the Celtics and Ligurians. Alba today is located exactly where once was built a Roman city. During the Roman period the town went through a period of prosperity and peace; unfortunately during the centuries that followed the end of the Roman Empire Alba was sacked numerous times. Only when the city passed under the control of the Savoy family at the beginning of the 17th century peace was brought back. 

Luckily it is still possible to admire few well preserved roman buildings and parts of the roman walls erected to protect the city.

Visiting the town centre there are many beautiful churches worth a visit.

The Duomo built following the Romanesque style during the 12th century has gone through many renovations. Only the campanile was never restyled. The Church of San Domenico is considered by many the most beautiful one in town. The Church of San Giovanni Battista has many lovely paintings.

Gorgeous are also the Bishop’s Palace and the Palazzo Comunale.

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Alba has a very strong economy, thanks to the presence in the territory of many successful business. Around the world the city is mostly famous for its wine production. Some of the finest Italian’s wines come from this area. This small town can count on almost 300 wineries!

The wines product in the area are: Barbera, Dolcetto, Nebbiolo, Barbaresco, Barolo and Moscato.

Food lovers visit this town all year round not only for the incredible choice of wines but also for its delicious and exquisite white truffles!

When exploring this lovely city visitors will have the opportunity to enjoy a gorgeous historical centre, to taste some of the most renowned Italian’s wines and to indulge in a delicious cuisine!

Private Turin Walking Tour

Turin - Mole Antonelliana - View from Ponte Isabella
Turin - Santuario della Consolata - Side viewTurin - Piazza CastelloTurin - Palazzo Reale - ViewTurin - Palazzo Madama - Night ViewTurin - Palazzo Madama - Back ViewTurin - Mole Antonelliana - Panorama

From: $43.03

tour duration

3 Hours

start time

09:30 AM –

02:00 pm

Mon, Tue, Wed, Thu, Fri, Sat, sun

meeting point

piazza castello,  more details at booking

Tour
Itinerary
Tour
Inclusions
Tour
Information

 

TOUR ITINERARY

Meet your guide in the regal Piazza Castello to start your three hour Private Turin Walking Tour. The tour will give you the opportunity to discover this beautiful town where once the Kings of Italy reigned.

In the last five century the elegant Piazza Castello has been the center of the city life: the most important buildings in Turin are located here. The Savoy Family (the Royal Family) built their residence in the north side of the Piazza during the 16th century and lived there until they were exiled. Today the Royal Palace houses a museum dedicated to the House of Savoy. Another beautiful palace that you will admire is the one called Palazzo Madama (Madame Palace) where many regents lived. This palace had been through numerous renovations; today we can admire a beautiful baroque façade covered in white marble while the rear part of the palace still looks like a medieval castle.

Your next stop will be the gorgeous Turin’s Cathedral; the Duomo is dedicated to St John the Baptist and it was built next to a Romanesque campanile. The famous Chapel of the Holy Shroud was added to the Duomo at the end of the 17th century in order to accommodate the Shroud of Turin. The Cathedral is one of the few example of Renaissance art survived in the city. The interior is richly decorated thanks to the works of many artists of different periods.

A short walk will bring you in Piazza della Consolata where you will visit the beautiful Marian Sanctuary known as La Consolata. The first church on the spot was built during the 5th century; since then many renovations have completely remodeled it. Today La Consolata showcases a unique collection of style: a Roman wall, Romanesque campanile, baroque domes, a neoclassical portico and a stunning rococo interior. The church is very famous for an Icon of the Virgin housed in one of its chapel.

Your guide will now introduced you to one of the traditions of the city: you will enjoy a bicerin in one of the historical bar of Turin. The bicerin is an espresso coffee mixed with hot chocolate and cream. Every Sunday morning after attending to the Mass the Torinesi sit in one of the beautiful 19th century bar that Turin still offers and enjoy a bicerin with their families and friends!

Your tour will now bring you to visit the beautiful Piazza Vittorio and will end right in front of the unique Mole Antonelliana.

We suggest you to visit the famous Mole that today houses the Museo Nazionae del Cinema (National Museum of Cinema). With its 167.5 meters, or 550 feet, of high the Mole Antonelliana is the tallest museum in the world!

TOUR INCLUSIONS

– English speaking local guide (3h)

– Visit of Piazza Castello

– Visit of Turin’s Duomo

– Visit of the Sanctuary of La Consolata

– Bicerin Tasting Fees

TOUR HIGHLIGHTS

– Piazza Castello

– Royal Palace

– Palazzo Madama

– Turin’s Duomo

– Piazza della Consolata

– Sanctuary of La Consolata

– Piazza Vittorio

– Mole Antonelliana

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
– Confirmation will be received at time of booking

– Voucher and detailed operator information, including local emergency numbers will be received three weeks before the date of your tour.

– The dress code for men and women is strictly enforced in churches. No shorts, bare shoulders or miniskirts. You may risk refused entry if you fail to comply with these dress requirements.

– Adult pricing applies to all travelers.

Departure point:

Piazza Castello, more details at booking

Duration:
3 hours

Return details:
Piazza Vittorio

Private Turin and Venaria Tour

La Venaria Reale - Diana's Gallery
La Venaria Reale - View from the parkLa Venaria Reale - FountainLa Venaria Reale - Church of St. HubertusTurin - Mole Antonelliana - View from Ponte IsabellaTurin - Palazzo Madama - Night ViewTurin - Mole Antonelliana - PanoramaTurin - Palazzo Reale - ViewTurin  - Santuario della Consolata - ViewTurin - Duomo - Exterior

From: $136.63

tour duration

7 Hours

start time

10:00 AM

Tue, Wed, Thu, Fri, Sat, sun

meeting point

pick-up at your hotel, more details at booking

Tour
Itinerary
Tour
Inclusions
Tour
Information

 

TOUR ITINERARY

Your private driver will pick you up from your accommodation in Turin to take you on an exciting full day Private Turin and Venaria Tour.

Your day will start with a short drive from Turin to Venaria Reale; the gorgeous former Hunting Palace of the Royal House of Savoy will be your first stop. Upon your arrival you will meet our local guide that will help you to discover this gorgeous complex part of the UNESCO Heritage List since 1997. You will visit the beautifully restored Palace with its unique towers covered with ceramic tiles and connected by the stunning Galleria di Diana; its 17th century facade decorated with cornucopias, fruits and shells and the lovely annexed Church of St. Hubertus.

Now it is time to enjoy the beautiful park that was recreated in order to replace the original gardens completely destroyed during the Napoleonic Dominion.

As soon as you reach the Court of Honor you will be impress by the elegance of the court and the fantastic view over the Venaria; here once stood the gorgeous Fountain of the Stag with its marble statues of hunters and hounds and a bronze stag. Unfortunately during the 18th century the fountain was disassembled, however today a beautiful 120 meters wide elliptical fountain replace the original one. The modern Water Theatre  will enchant you with its 100 water jets, color light projectors and steam pipes!

At the end of your visit meet your driver again to return in Turin where the second part of your tour will take place.

You will start your Turin tour from the regal Piazza Castello the centre of the city life! The Savoy Family built their residence here during the 16th century and lived there until they were exiled. Today the Royal Palace houses a museum dedicated to the House of Savoy. Another beautiful palace that you will admire is the one called Palazzo Madama (Madame Palace) where many regents lived. This palace had been through numerous renovations; today we can admire a beautiful baroque façade covered in white marble while the rear part of the palace still looks like a medieval castle.

Your next stop will be the gorgeous Duomo dedicated to St John the Baptist built next to a Romanesque campanile. The famous Chapel of the Holy Shroud was added to the Duomo at the end of the 17th century in order to accommodate the Shroud of Turin

A short walk will bring you in Piazza della Consolata where you will visit the beautiful Marian Sanctuary known as La Consolata with its unique collection of style: a Roman wall, Romanesque campanile, baroque domes, a neoclassical portico and a stunning rococo interior.

It is now time to relax and discover one of the traditions of the city: you will enjoy a bicerin in one of the historical bar of Turin! Every Sunday morning after attending to the Mass the Torinesi sit in one of the beautiful 19th century bars to enjoy this espresso coffee mixed with hot chocolate and cream!

Your tour will now bring you to visit the beautiful Piazza Vittorio and will end right in front of the unique Mole Antonelliana.

We suggest you to visit the famous Mole that today houses the Museo Nazionae del Cinema (National Museum of Cinema). With its 167.5 meters, or 550 feet, of high the Mole Antonelliana is the tallest museum in the world!

TOUR INCLUSIONS

– Round trip transportation with private car

– Expert English speaking driver

– Expert English speaking local guide in Venaria Reale ( 2 1/2 hours)

– Expert English speaking local guide in Turin ( 3 hours)

– Visit of La Venaria Reale

– Venaria Reale entrance fee

– Visit of Piazza Castello

– Visit of Turin’s Duomo

– Visit of the Sanctuary of La Consolata

– Bicerin Tasting Fees

TOUR HIGHLIGHTS

– La Venaria Reale

– Piazza Castello

– Royal Palace

– Palazzo Madama

– Turin’s Duomo

– Piazza della Consolata

– Sanctuary of La Consolata

– Piazza Vittorio

– Mole Antonelliana

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
– Confirmation will be received at time of booking

– Voucher and detailed operator information, including local emergency numbers will be received three weeks before the date of your tour.

– The dress code for men and women is strictly enforced in churches. No shorts, bare shoulders or miniskirts. You may risk refused entry if you fail to comply with these dress requirements.

– Adult pricing applies to all travelers.

Departure point:

Pick-up at your accommodation

Duration:
7 hours

Return details:
Piazza Vittorio

Pisa

Pisa - Leaning Tower - view
Pisa - Duomo - interiorPisa - Duomo -  columnsPisa - Leaning Tower -  view

Pisa, found astride the River Arno in Tuscany, is famous the world over for its leaning tower. The city offers much more than just its peculiar bell tower however: in Piazza dei Miracoli, where the leaning monument is located, are the Duomo di Pisa and the Baptistry of St. John, both stunning examples of Pisan Romanesque architecture.

Located between the Arno River and the Serchio River, Pisa’s founding is shrouded in mystery, as the Romans who later settled in it already referred to Pisa as an ancient city. Due to its proximity to the coast, Pisa quickly developed as a maritime power, reaching a golden age in the 11th century. The city’s naval strength could rival that of Venice, Genoa and Amalfi, three of the most powerful maritime republics in Italy at the time. Pisa was also an important commercial centre, both by land and sea, allowing a stream of wealth to enter the city.

Things to see

Leaning tower of Pisa

The Leaning tower of Pisa, located in the Piazza dei Miracoli, is the city’s most famous attraction that is recognized the world over. In actuality, it is the bell tower of the Cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta, also known as the Duomo di Pisa. Its crookedness is due to the instability of the ground, the slow decline noticeable even before the tower’s completion.

Construction began in 1174, although it is unclear as to who designed the final plans. Unfortunately, the process had to be halted shortly after the completion of the second floor due to the fact that the Republic of Pisa was at war with Genoa, Lucca and Florence, some of the biggest powers of pre-unified Italy. Construction resumed in 1272 under the direction of Giovanni di Simone, the architect of the Piazza dei Miracoli. The seventh and final floor was not completed until 1320, with the bell chamber finally added in 1372. Each floor has a bell corresponding to one of the notes in the major scale.

The tower underwent several renovations, particularly to its structure to make sure that its continuous decline did not lead it to topple altogether. It was completely closed to the public in 1990, where the biggest renovation efforts were taken to even it out, reopening again in 2001. Today, visitors are able to visit the tower and climb to its top to enjoy a beautiful panorama of the area –assuming a private tour was booked well in advance.
Cathedral of Pisa

Found in the middle of the Piazza dei Miracoli is the Duomo di Pisa, a stunning masterpiece of Pisan Romanesque architecture. Indeed, this is the structure which launched the style throughout Pisa, later spreading through Tuscany. Like the leaning tower of Pisa, which is actually the bell tower of the cathedral, the building has visibly sunk into the ground, resulting in a slight incline.

Construction began in 1064 under the direction of the architect Buscheto; it was meant as a display of Pisa’s power and wealth, and possibly a challenge to other great cities, such as Venice. The cathedral was consecrated in 1118 however by the mid 12th century it was already being expanded by the architect Rainaldo, to whom we owe the façade we see today. Over the years, the cathedral underwent several renovations and interventions, namely following the fire in 1595 that destroyed much of the roof and front.

The interior was also subject to a number of changes over time, most notably the addition of “quadroni” (large paintings) that decorate the walls. The inside of the Cathedral is also embellished by detailed mosaics and exquisite ceiling frescoes. Furthermore, there is an impressive collection of sculptures and artworks such as marble pulpit by Giovanni Pisano and bronze crucifixes by Pietro Tacca.

Private Southern Tuscany Food and Wine Tour

Val D'Orcia - Landscape
Pienza - viewPienza - Piazza Papa PioIIPienza - Duomo - FacadePecorino di Pienza - SelectionPienza - WellMontepulciano- viewMontepulciano - PiazzaMontepulciano - SquareNobile Montepulciano

From: $161.37

 

TOUR DURATION

8 Hours

START TIME

08:00 AM

Mon,Tue, Wed, Thu, fri, sat, Sun

MEETING POINT

Pick-up at your hotel, more details at booking

Tour
Itinerary
Tour
Inclusions
Tour
Information

 

TOUR ITINERARY

Your private Southern Tuscany Food & Wine Tour will take you on a charming journey to discover the beautiful towns of Montepulciano and Pienza.

Your driver and guide will meet you at your accommodation in Rome to take you on a full day excursion.

The journey will start immediately while you enjoy the delightful views from the car. Leaving Rome you will head to the North and pass through the gorgeous countryside. In two hours you will reach your first destination: Montepulciano.

The medieval town of Montepulciano is located southeast of Siena on a hill. The city is famous not only for the beautiful historical center but also for the delicious food and wine.

The origins of Montepulciano are Etruscan. When the Romans took over the Etruscan possessions it became a garrison for road patrols. Later the Lombards turned the town into a religious center. During the Renaissance period many beautiful palaces were added to the city. The tour will take you to the wonderfully preserved historical center of the city. During your 90 minutes walk your private guide will showcase you the main sights of the city: the Palazzo Comunale, the town hall designed in the same style as Florence’s, Palazzo Tarugi, and the Cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta, also called the Duomo of Montepulciano.

After the city tour is the time to try the famous wine of Montepulciano! Visiting a historical winery you will taste three famous wines of the area: Rosso di Montepulciano (Red of Montepulciano), Vino Nobile (Noble Wine) and Vin Santo (Holy Wine). These incredible wines will be pared with a mouth-watering “tagliere” a selection of local charcuteries and cheeses.

Montepulciano’s wineries are very interesting. The historical ones have adapted Etruscan tombs into “cantine” (cellars). Those locales maintain the perfect climate all year round, not too cold during the winter and not too hot during the summer.

Now your driver and guide will bring you to visit the unique renaissance town of Pienza. Pope Pius II decided to have the entire village rebuilt as an ideal Renaissance one. Many Italian and European cities later adopted this model. UNESCO declared Pienza a World Heritage Site in 1996. The most important buildings of Pienza are located in the central Piazza PIo II. Your guide will show you the beautiful Palazzo Piccolomini, Palazzo Vescovile and the Duomo.

At the end of Pienza’s tour you will return to your accommodations in Rome.

 

TOUR INCLUSIONS

– Round trip transportation with private car

– Expert English speaking driver coordinator

– Wine tasting and light lunch

TOUR HIGHLIGHTS

– Visit of Montepulciano

– Visit of Pienza

– Visit of a Historical Winery

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
– Confirmation will be received at time of booking

– Voucher and detailed operator information, including local emergency numbers will be received three weeks before the date of your tour.

– Adult pricing applies to all travelers

Departure point:
Pick-up at your accommodation

Duration:
8 hours

Return details:
Drop-off at your accommodation

Private Orvieto and Civita di Bagnoregio Tour

Orvieto - Tetti
Orvieto - Street viewOrvieto - Pozzo San Patrizio - viewOrvieto - Piazza della RepubblicaOrvieto - LandscapeOrvieto - Duomo - side viewOrvieto - Pozzo di San Patrizio - interiorCività di Bagnoregio - viewCivita di Bagnoregio - PiazzaCivita di Bagnoregio - houses

From: $139.85

 

TOUR DURATION

8 Hours

START TIME

08:00 AM

Mon,Tue, Wed, Thu, fri, sat, Sun

MEETING POINT

Pick-up at your hotel, more details at booking

Tour
Itinerary
Tour
Inclusions
Tour
Information

 

TOUR ITINERARY

Your private driver will pick you up in the morning to bring you on a charming full day excursion to Orvieto and Civita di Bagnoregio, two gorgeous central Italy towns.

Your first stop will be Orvieto which is one of the leading art cities in Umbria. Thanks to its unique location and its stunning defensive tuff‘s walls Orvieto is considered one of the most spectacular towns in Europe.

Your driver will leave you in the central Piazza del Duomo. From here you can start your tour of Orvieto on your own time. We suggested to begin with the visit of the 13th century Duomo di Orvieto (Orvieto’s Cathedral) with its five bells added during the renaissance period. Then you may continue your tour exploring Via del Duomo surrounds by numerous beautiful buildings. Keep walking until you arrive in front of the 13th century Palazzo del Capitano del Popolo (Palace of the Captain of the people). Going back on Via del Duomo make a right turns on Corso Camillo Benso until you reach the beautiful Palazzo Comunale. While you wandering around this enchanting city try one of the many delicious restaurants that the town offers; the truffle pasta is Orvieto’s specialty dish. Afterwards meet again your driver who will take you to the unique Pozzo di San Patrizio (St. Patrick’s well). Once you arrive at the well you can decide if you want to go down the 248 steps or just admire the building from the outside.

Your tour will now continue with the visit of the city of Civita di Bagnoregio a unique small town that dangerously hangs from a tuff hill. Your driver will stop on a panoramic terrace opposite to the city to give you the opportunity to enjoy a stunning view of Civita di Bagnoregio. You will then reach the spectacular bridge that connects the city with the rest of the world.  As you cross the bridge you will pass through the Etruscan Gate and you will be able to walk around the city admiring the beautiful medieval buildings with their magnificent Renaissance doors that lead nowhere; visit the nice San Donato Church. A small terrace is located at the end of the main street; from here you can enjoy a beautiful view over the Calanchi Valley.

At the end of your visit meet your driver again to return to your accommodations in Rome.

 

TOUR INCLUSIONS

– Round trip transportation with private car

– Expert English speaking driver coordinator

TOUR HIGHLIGHTS

– Visit of Orvieto

– Visit of Civita di Bagnoregio

– St. Patrick’s Well

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
– Confirmation will be received at time of booking

– Voucher and detailed operator information, including local emergency numbers will be received three weeks before the date of your tour.

– Adult pricing applies to all travelers

Departure point:
Pick-up at your accommodation

Duration:
8 hours

Return details:
Drop-off at your accommodation

Orvieto

Orvieto - Street view
Orvieto - TettiOrvieto - Piazza della RepubblicaOrvieto - Landscape

Located in the Umbria region Orvieto was built on top of a volcanic tuff’s hill. Thanks to its unique location and the stunning defensive walls constructed in the same tuff‘s stone Orvieto is considered one of the most spectacular cities in Europe.

The city is also renowned for its white wine production and for its many traditional restaurants. Orvieto’s specialty dish is truffle pasta.

Orvieto was inhabited since the Etruscan time. The Romans prospered here too; thanks to its position the city was impenetrable.

When the Roman Empire collapsed in a period of great insecurity Orvieto’s defensible location gained more and more importance. After a short period under the Lombards’ domination the city became a free commune. A Podesta’ (captain of the people) ruled the town.

The city flourished and became also an important cultural center. A University was founded and Thomas Aquinas worked here until the Pope wanted him in Rome.

Slowly the city passed under the papal control even before it became one of the Papal States. During this period the Popes were moving constantly to control the papal possessions. Only two cities outside Rome had papal palaces: Orvieto and Viterbo.

Pope Adrian IV was the first one who spent long periods of time in Orvieto.

Pope Nicholas IV chose the city as seat for the Curia; for the first time in the history of the town the population decided to thank him with the title of Podesta’.

His successor, Pope Boniface VII, built Palazzo Soliano the third and final Palazzo Papale (Pope’s Palace).

At the end of the 13th century Pope Nicholas IV ordered the building of a Duomo. The church went through many renovations; the Façade was remodeled by Lorenzo Maitani and during the renaissance five bells were added.

Things to see

The Palazzo del Capitano del Popolo (Palace of the Captain of the people) was built around the 13th century. Like for the Duomo di Orvieto many renovations had interested this palace during the centuries. The Palace was enlarged and its open-air top floor was covered. A bell tower was added in 1315.

The Fortezza dell’Albornoz is a massive fortress built by order of Pope Innocent VI. It was erected where once stood the Roman temple of Augurale. The building was constructed to provide the church a safe place in case of an enemy’s attack.

When the Emperor Charles V attacked Rome in 1527 Pope Clement VII escaped in Orvieto. Scared by the possibility of a siege he ordered the building of the spectacular Well of St. Patrick. The famous architect Antonio da Sangallo the Younger designed an incredible well. The double helix ramps were built for one-way traffic to avoid that the mules used to bring the water jars could be obstructed in their way back to the surface.

Orvieto can offer even more surprise to the visitors. For many years the city underground labyrinth was a secret. Over the centuries most of the aristocratic families had built tunnels and secret passages in order to be able to escape the city in case of danger. Today it is possible to visit this incredible “underground city” with a guided tour. .

Pienza

Pienza - view
Pienza - WellPienza - Duomo - FacadePienza - Church - Side view

Pienza is part of the province of Siena, located in the Val d’Orcia, Tuscany.

Until the beginning of the 15th century the name of the town was Corsignano. Here was born Enea Silvio Piccolomini who later became Pope Pius II. He was a Renaissance humanist that decided to have the entire village rebuilt as an ideal Renaissance one. The city was the first example of humanist urban planning projects. Many Italian and European cities later adopted this model.

The project was given to Bernardo Rossellino an architect from Florence; he was very popular at the time. In 1459 the rebuild started. Only three years later the Duomo was consecrated by the Pope.

The UNESCO declared Pienza a World Heritage Site in 1996 and 10 years later the Val d’Orcia became part of the UNESCO’s World Cultural Landscapes.

The most important buildings of Pienza are located in the central Piazza PIo II. Remodeling the old Corsignano’s piazza Rossellino had to give the new one a trapezoidal form in order to fit all the buildings he planned.

The principal Palace of the city is Palazzo Piccolomini; it is situated on the west side of Piazza Pio II. The building has a gorgeous internal court. From the loggia located on the back of the palace is possible to enjoy a stunning view of the Val d’Orcia.

Cardinal Rodrigo Borgia, who will become Pope Alexander VI, financed the construction of the Palazzo Vescovile. The palace was built to accommodate the Bishop who would spend time in the city to attend the Pope. Today the building houses the Diocesan Museum and the Cathedral Museum.

More Details

The Duomo is one of the first examples of Renaissance Cathedral. However the bell tower resembles the German style. Pius II in fact, before he became Pope, had spent many years in Germany and had always admired the effects of light in the German churches.

When the village of Corsignano became the city of Pienza a town hall was required. The Palazzo Comunale was built right across the Duomo; probably Rossellino choose this location to separate the religious space dedicated to the Cathedral from the secular market square located right behind it. The Palazzo Comunale’s bell tower is shorter than the Cathedral’s to remind the population the church’s superior power.

Cathedral Santa Maria del Fiore

Florence - Duomo - top view
Florence - DuomoFlorence - Duomo - side viewFlorence - Duomo - night view

At the end of the 13th century, the city council decided to replace the old Cathedral Santa Reparata by a new one, the actual cathedral Santa Maria del Fiore. The project was first given to the architect Arnolfo di Cambio the construction had only started when he died in 1302. Then the architect Giotto pursued it along with several other architects after him.

A great problem appeared when it came to build a dome and it was finally the architect Filippo Brunelleschi who solved it and created a beautiful dome. The dome is octagonal and measures 112 meters and it took no less than 140 years to finish the cathedral Santa Maria del Fiore.  As the dome is octagonal, Brunelleschi dedicated one team per side, so 8 different teams worked on this dome, they used approximately 4 millions of bricks. Bricks were put in “spina di pesce”, it means as a shape of fish bones, so not straight and it made the dome very strong. Brunelleschi thought his cupola for the dome very carefully. During the construction, no outside scaffoldings were used to build the dome but internal structures were built month after month while it was growing up. The construction was finished in 1436 but the lantern on the top of the cupola was only set in 1461.

Things to see

Giorgio Vasari was chosen to decorate the dome inside. He decide to paint the Last Judgement, however he died three years after he started the project. After his death, the work was given to Federigo Zuccaro. The Last Judgment was finished in 1579.

The dome can be climbed and visitors can appreciate a wonderful view over the Cathedral Santa Maria del Fiore and Florence roofs.

The façade which can be admired today is more recent and was realized during the 19th century.

More than a church, the cathedral Santa Maria del Fiore became a sign of the rich and prosperous city of Florence. Since the Renaissance, the dome and the cathedral were the symbol of the city of Florence.