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Palatine Hill

Rome - Palatine Hill

The Palatine Hill is the most centrally located among the seven famous hills of Rome. It is positioned near the Colosseum, the Circus Maximus and the Roman Forum, and was the home of several emperors. Indeed, Augustus, Cicero and Marcus Antonius all built their palaces on this hill. From the top, it offers visitors a very nice view of the Eternal City.

According to legend, it is on this hill that the twins Romulus and Remus were discovered by their mythical she-wolf mother. It is also on this hill that Romulus decided to found Rome, so Palatine Hill is generally considered as the birthplace of the Roman Empire.

Things to see

During the Roman Republic, Palatine Hill became the most popular place to live. In fact, the name “Palatine” is derived from the word “palace” since so many were built. Many chose to live here firstly because it offers a wonderful view of the city and secondly because at the time, people believed there was more pure air here than lower on the hill where laborers worked. They believed that they would get less sick thanks to this pure air.

During the Middle Ages, several churches and convents were also built on the hill. Later, the hill became the property of the cardinal Alessandro Farnese, who had a nice botanical garden constructed upon the ruins.