Located on the homonymous Amalfi Coast, the gorgeous Amalfi is the most important town in the area as well as one of the most popular, attracting huge numbers of tourists every year. Due to its cultural and historical importance, the town was included in the UNESCO World Heritage sites.
Founded during the Roman era, Amalfi was a small resort town which eventually flourished in the 6th century as a maritime power that would later rival Pisa and Genova. It became a rich trading hub, dealing in grain, salt and timber, as well as exotic merchandise from Egypt and the Byzantine Empire. Amalfi’s importance declined when it was taken over by Pisa in the 12th century, and after a tsunami that destroyed its port and lower section, it never quite recovered its former glory. Nevertheless, Amalfi now thrives as a popular holiday destination; in fact, many important people have visited the town over the years, such as the composer Richard Wagner and the playwright Henrik Ibsen.